Ancient structures that shouldn’t have existed!
One of the strongest forces on earth is the human spirit. Its resilience and determination has let to many of mankind’s achievements in recent times and also those that are documented in ancient human history.
When it comes to architecture marvels, the modern civilisation has a lot to boast for. For instance, the Empire State Building in the United States of America, the Eiffel Tower in France and the Sydney Opera House in Australia and so on. These buildings had the advantage of modern-day technology that aided in their construction but there are certain structures existing today that were built centuries ago. These structures seems to have been built out of time, in the absence of any proof of the required technology existing, when these construction are recorded to be have been commissioned.
Lets take a look at some of these ancient structures.
The ancient city of Nan Madol
The ruins of a once great city, Nan Madol, are situated presently in Madolenihmw district, Pohnpei. Pohnpei is a state in Federated States of Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. The city was the capital of Saudeleur Dynasty up till 1628.
Today, Nan Madol is considered as the ‘Venice of the Pacific‘. The city is a collection of several man-made island that are connected through canals and passageways.
As per the local legends the construction of the city was not possible without the intervention of magic. The legend does make you wonder; as moving a stone weighting 50 tonnes and erecting it in the way it has been done for constructing various parts of the city is next to impossible for humans without modern technology.
The Goseck Circle considered one of the first observatories in the world dates back to the Neolithic era of development. This site is located in the Burgenlandkreis district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
It has three gates. Two of these gates are said to map summer and winter solstices. The site has shown considerable evidence that the farmers living during that era were far more sophisticated than what was though earlier. The site is also said to be used to worship constellations indicating that were ritual observatories that existed even during that time.
It is a pre-historic passage tomb found in County Meath, Ireland. It is a large mound and surrounding it are 97 large kerbstones and the largest of the stones marks the entrance.
What makes this tomb a marvel to the modern age, apart from the construction, is the ‘roof box‘ or the space above the entrance. It is said that each winter solstice, on the 21st of December, rays of the sun enter through the roof box and light up the entire passage. The accuracy of this phenomenon has historians and scientists all over the world confused for the want of a logical explanation.
This ring of standing stones, each having a height of approximate 13 feet and a width of about 7 feet, is located in Wiltshire, England. The Stonehenge is considered as a cultural icon of the United Kingdom.
The monument was created over three phases stretched out between intervals of thousands of years. First excavation of holes, 1 meter in depth and width was carried out. The second step involved caring blue stones from South-East Wales to the site. The stones weighed about 4 tonnes and are said to have been pulled with leather topes by 500 men over a distance of 240 miles that included both land and water. This was around 2000BC.
It was only in 1500BC that the stones were arranged in a circular shape as they are seen now.
Ancient Stone City of Petra
Located in Southern Jordan, it is said to be build around 300BC by the Nabataeans occupying the desert area of Jordan at that point in time. It is a one of its kind ancient architecture in terms of construction. The city is said to have been carved directly into the stone cliff.
The city is complete with houses, temples and tombs. It is also said to have aqueducts and housed about 20,000 people.
The city runs deep and archeologists are said to have uncovered only 15% of the entire city. The rest still is resting underground.
Speaking of aqueducts, the Romans had build Aqueducts throughout their empire to bring water used for domestic purposes into their towns and cities.
Though they dates back to 300BC, the ducts are one of the most inventive and advanced structures of that time that rival those of modern times.
The aqueducts are said to have taken 500 odd years to complete. The Romans built about 11 aqueducts for serving a population of over 1 million.
The Colosseum is an oval amphitheatre situated in the city of Rome, Italy. It is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. The structure took about a decade to built and is considered as one of the largest amphitheatres in the world, even today.
It was presented as a gift to the Roman people by Emperor Vespasian who commissioned it approximately around 70AD. At its prime, the Colosseum could hold over 50,000 spectators and it said to have contained a large number of drinking fountains and latrines.
The name Gobekli Tepe is Turkish for ‘Potbelly Hill’ and as the name suggests it is located in the Southeastern Anatolia Region, Turkey.
This is one of the oldest structures in human history. Dating back to 9000BC, reports suggest that it was built during the stone age. The structure includes huge limestone pillars that are hand-carved, this contradicts with the theory that man learned how to build only during the agricultural stage.
Derinkuyu’s Massive, Underground City
This ancient city is located in the Derinkuyu district in Nevşehir Province, Turkey. The construction of the city is traced to the 8th Century BC. It is a massive 18 storey underground construction. It is said that the structure contains huge networks of underground chambers that are seemingly dug by hand.
The civilisation that built this unusual city is unknown but whoever they were they wanted to build a city that would protect them from anything.